The World Health Organisation and World Bank have developed a UHC Monitoring Framework that focuses on the 2 (two) core components of UHC:
Coverage of the population with quality, essential health services.
Coverage of the population with financial protection.
They have also developed certain sets of indicators to the abovementioned 2 (two) core components:
The set of indicators for service coverage is grouped into four main categories:
Reproductive, maternal, newborn & child health
Service capacity, access & health security
Regarding financial protection, there are 2 (two) indicators:
Disproportionate spending on health (certain diseases being focused on more)
Health expenditures paid by households (out of pocket payments and financial hardship)
According to the World Organisation of Family Doctors (WONCA), there is an urgent need to link family medicine and the implementation of high quality primary care with the global movement to achieve universal health care coverage. WONCA states that this approach provides the most effective means to guarantee first contact quality healthcare to all people. What is needed is government’s and every stakeholder’s assistance with:
the reformation of the field of family medicine to adhere to the minimum standards for the practice of family medicine;
the providing of social protection, and adequate health insurance to address primary healthcare problems before they lead to catastrophic expenses;
the integration of public health with primary care, and to promote public health policies across all sectors, to promote collaboration between family doctors, communities, government, private sector and academic institutions;
the moving away from excessive specialisation and focusing on specific diseases to a holistic and continuing approach to health services; and
the allocation of more (and yet more) resources, to primary prevention and health promotion compared to curative and acute services.